via APA: UN: There are 232 million international migrants worldwide

Years later, we still see evidence that Earnst Ravenstein’s Laws of Migration are still at work.
-The Human Imprint
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Ravenstein’s Laws of Migration
  1. Most migrants move only a short distance.
  2. There is a process of absorption, whereby people immediately surrounding a rapidly growing town move into it and the gaps they leave are filled by migrants from more distant areas, and so on until the attractive force [pull factors] is spent.
  3. There is a process of dispersion, which is the inverse of absorption.
  4. Each migration flow produces a compensating counter-flow.
  5. Long-distance migrants go to one of the great centers of commerce and industry.
  6. Natives of towns are less migratory than those from rural areas.
  7. Females are more migratory than males over short distances; likewise males are more migratory than females over longer distances.
  8. Economic factors are the main cause of migration.
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 [ 15 February 2014 18:49 ]

Baku. Shamil Alibayli – APA. A new report launched today by the United Nations spotlights the significant impact of young migrants on origin, transit and destination countries and communities, as well as the challenges they face, as told in their own voices.
APA reports quoting UN website that according to the latest UN estimates, there are 232 million international migrants worldwide, representing 3.2 per cent of the world’s total population of 7.2 billion.

There are 35 million global migrants under the age of 20, up from 31 million in 2000, and another 40 million between the ages of 20 and 29. Together, they account for more than 30 per cent of all migrants. Females account for approximately half of all global youth migrants.

Published by the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA), the latest World Youth Report outlines the global situation of young migrants by highlighting some of the concerns, challenges and successes experienced by young migrants.

“Recognizing the diversity of youth migrants is important for understanding the impact of migration on the human development of young men and women as well as on their countries of origin and destination,” states the report.

“It is also essential for designing specific interventions that address their unique vulnerabilities and enable them to realize their hopes and aspirations.”

According to the report, the impacts of youth migration are mixed. When young people migrate, they tend to improve both their own financial situation and the economic circumstances of their families through the income they earn and the remittances they send home, while destination countries benefit from greater economic efficiency.

However, countries of origin can suffer from negative impacts of human capital flight, or brain drain, notably of health and education professionals, the report states.

It goes on to say that the process of migration itself brings different challenges and experiences and can affect overall outcomes for young people. Prior to migration, young people may be excited at the prospect of leaving home and discovering a new place, while they also face challenges.

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